Biopesticides

Decontamination of pesticide residues from vegetables

Description

It was attempted to reduce pesticide (malathion, cyfluthrin and indoxacarb) residues from the vegetable by using safe chemicals The invention differs from earlier report in either the use of a microorganism or using a toxic chemical whose adoption can adversely affect the quality of vegetable or edible commodity itself. Since addition of hazardous substances makes the vegetable non-consumable, the process deals with removing residues of pesticides present in vegetables by using a combination of non-toxic chemicals. Degrading synthetic pesticides with microorganisms are reported. But the use of microbes is not acceptable to people at large. A need is felt for discovering novel and safe products/ methods of detoxification of pesticides as it amounts to value addition of vegetable.

Salient Feature
The consumer will benefit by getting a decontaminated vegetable. There is a need to remove/ reduce and transfer these toxicants from contaminated vegetables, so that the health of consumer is not adversely affected.

Pusa Nemagel

Description

Pusa NemaGel is a bio-pesticidal formulation based on heat tolerant indigenous insect-parasitic nematode species Steinernema thermophilum. The formulation can be used to control termites and white grub in agricultural crops in arid regions.

Salient Feature
In this formulation, the nematode have been entrapped and immobilized for maintaining their viability and enhancing the shelf life. It can be used as soil application or foliar application depending upon the target pests.This formulation is ideal for use in the management of harmful insect pests in most of the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. There are no environmental and bio-safety issues involved as the formulation and the bioagent are known to have no adverse effects.

BacillusStrain with Pesticidal Activity

Description

This bacterial strain having insecticidal, nematicidal and bactericidal activity

Salient Feature
This technology will be environmental friendly in controlling insect as well as nematode pests along bacterial pathogens.

Pusa 5SD

Description

The novel seed dressing bio-formulation “Pusa 5SD” has been developed from the potential isolate of Trichoderma harzianum (IARI P-4; MTCC No. 5371) for the management of soil and seed borne diseases of crop plants. The formulation showed longer shelf (viability) life and suitable for 2 years of storage at room temperature 25+80C. The novel soil application bio-formulation “Pusa Bio-pellet 10G” has been developed from the potential isolate of Trichoderma harzianum (IARI P-4; MTCC No. 5371) for the management of soil and seed borne diseases of crop plants. The formulation showed longer shelf (viability) life as 1.5 years of storage at room temperature 25+80C

Salient Feature
The Formulation was found effective against several soil and seed borne diseases of crop plants namely wilt of chickpea (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris) and dry root rot (Rhizoctonia bataticola) and wet root rot/web blight (Rhizoctonia solani) of chickpea and mungbean and stem rot of chickpea (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum). It increased seed emergence by providing protection to germinating seeds in the soil, as a growth promoter enhanced shoot and root length of treated plants and increased grain yield under field conditions. Pusa 5SD showed superiority over recommended fungicides for seed treatment (carbendazim + TMTD and carboxin) in respect of increasing seed germination, enhancing plant vigour and grain yield and reducing disease incidence. It is compatible with a fungicides namely carboxin, tetramethyl thiuram disulphide and thiophanate methyl and Rhizobium spp. when applied as seed treatment under sick field conditions. Pusa 5SD as seed treatment increased the seed germination and grain yield and decreased diseases (wilt/root rot) incidence in chickpea at farmer’s field in Bagpat (UP), ARS, Durgapura (Rajasthan) and BAU, Ranchi (Jharkhand). Pusa 5SD (T. harzianum) alone in combination with vitavax power was evaluated for the management of wilt (F. oxysporum f. sp. ciceris), dry root rot (R. bataticola) and collar rot (S. rolfsii) of chickpea at 4 different locations (Sehore, Delhi, Rahuri and Jabalpur) under AICRP-chickpea. A combination of Pusa 5SD and vitavax power provided lowest wilt incidence at 3 different locations followed by fungicidal seed treatment (carboxin/carbendazim + thiram) and Pusa 5SD alone. Similar treatment combinations were found effective against dry root rot and collar rot. Eco-friendly option for disease management in plants

Pusa Biopellet 10G

Description

The novel soil application bio-formulation “Pusa Bio-pellet 10G” has been developed from the potential isolate of Trichoderma harzianum (IARI P-4; MTCC No. 5371) for the management of soil and seed borne diseases of crop plants. The formulation showed longer shelf (viability) life as 1.5 years of storage at room temperature 25+80c

Salient Feature
The formulation has longer storage life and effective against wide range of plant diseases caused by different plant pathogenic fungi. The strain of T. harzianum used for the development of the formulation has ability to suppress different plant pathogenic fungi and also has ability to enhance plant growth as growth promoter and grain yield. Eco-friendly option for disease management in plants